Detecting cancer in incipient phase is very important, as the disease can be managed easier and with fewer complications, increasing survival rate. This week, there have been two studies published in medical journals that both show how we could find out if we have cancer or not. There is an implant in the making and the second method is through tests of urine.
A Medical Tattoo That Detects Cancer
The “biomedical tattoo” is an implant that was tested on lab animals and lasted for a year. It recognizes four common types of cancer – breast, colon, lung and prostate cancer. Lead author of the study, Martin Fussenegger, professor at the Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering at ETH Zurich explains how the tattoo works:
“The biomedical tattoo detects all hypercalcemic cancers at a very early, asymptomatic stage. If blood calcium levels remain high over longer periods of time, the calcium sensor in the biomedical tattoo cells produces an enzyme, tyrosinase, which converts the amino acid into the black skin pigment, melanin.”
So, when the spot gets dark on the patient, they should get to see a doctor for an early detection.
Urine Testing Instead of Needles
In Japan, Engineering and IT conglomerate Hitachi has developed two years ago a basic tech to detect breast or colon cancer by testing urine samples. Now, they use “250 urine samples, to see if samples at room temperature are suitable for analysis,” said Chiharu Odaira, the Hitachi spokesman.
This new study will help a lot more people in detecting cancer from an early phase, says Chiharu Oda:
“If this method is put to practical use, it will be a lot easier for people to test for cancer, as there will be no need to go to a medical organization for a blood test.”
Children that are afraid of needles will also use this type of testing. The technology will be used starting with the 2020s, concludes Odaira.
Rex Austinwas born and raised in Thunder Bay Ontario on the shores of Lake Superior. Apart from running his own podcast (Ice Fishing And Other “Cool” Things), he spends his time canoeing and backpacking in Northern Ontario.. As a journalist Rex has published stories for Global News (Thunder Bay) we well as Buzz Feed and Joystiq. As a contributor to Great Lakes Ledger, Rex most covers science and health stories. Contact Rexhere