The Large Hadron Collider has met the very rare procedures ever done so far, and they include the scattering from W and Z bosons that were produced by quarks in a proton to proton collision. They’ve been proven at CERN with the help of the ATLAS experiment.
What’s the function of W and Z bosons?
The role of W and Z bosons is the same: they are the mediator of the weak nuclear communication, just like photons do for electromagnetism. Just like light rays from the photons that come from lasers or torches enter (without much of an effect) each other, electromagnetic “lightsabers” are just a story to remain in sci-fi. But with all these in mind, W and Z bosons, which are also called “weak light rays”, can spread out to one another.
Why did they do the Large Hadron Collider at CERN?
The reason behind making the Large Hadron Collider (LHC for short) at CERN is the “vector boson scattering” (VBS). The thing is that one quark from every two has some colliding protons that must radiate a W or a Z boson. But these particles can only fly a 0.1×10-15m worth of distance before they transform each other into other particles. Their contact with other particles is of a range of 0.002×10-15m.
To make things clear, they’re little “weak lightsabers” that have the capacity to extend around 1/10th of a proton’s radius and they have to come to close each other by 1/500th of a proton’s radius. It’s actually amazing, given the fact that it’s a coincidence that can happen once in 20,000 billion proton-proton interactions. This whole process happens due to the two high-energetic particle jets that come from two quarks that were originally radiating the W or Z bosons.
As our second lead editor, Anna C. Mackinno provides guidance on the stories Great Lakes Ledger reporters cover. She has been instrumental in making sure the content on the site is clear and accurate for our readers. If you see a particularly clever title, you can likely thank Anna. Anna received a BA and and MA from Fordham University.