Could there be a vaccine to help the ones struggling with weight? This could be a reality in the future, as scientists are getting closer to it after finding a link between obesity and a virus.
Compared to individuals that have a healthy weight, the obese patients have four times more Adenovirus-36. What is this virus?
The Virus that Adds Body Weight
Research using animals proved that this virus is responsible for increasing the body weight by 15%.
Considering that the population has seen a rise in clinical obesity, researchers are focusing on finding a solution to this issue.
The Adenovirus-36 has two effects on the human body. It irritates the fat cells, which causes them to become inflamed, and it also prevents the fat cells to die or to be eliminated by the body. As these inflamed cells cannot be naturally flushed away, they accumulate in the body and cause obesity.
Studies on animals and human tissue have linked this type of virus with weight gain. Normally, the Adenoviruses are the ones causing colds or eye and bowel infections. A type of adenovirus closely related to adenovirus-36 was proven to make mice and monkeys gain weight.
Dr. Wilmore Webley (University of Massachusetts) studies the virus on breast cancer patients. He explains that there is a vaccine for adenoviruses that are related to respiratory problems and it already is used by the US Army, meaning that the vaccine for the obesity virus should be in the making.
In an interview with a media outlet, Dr. Richard Atkinson (Emeritus Professor at the University of Wisconsin) explains that he has patented a vaccine for this virus, but he cannot put it on the market because of lack of funds.
South Korean academics have tested the vaccine in animals and got positive results: the virus didn’t infect fat cells.
Will this Lifesaving Vaccine Work?
Dr. Atkinson said that this virus could be perfect for young people as a protection from the virus that will no longer be able to make fat cells accumulate. Considering how many people in the world die every year from obesity-related diseases, a vaccine could be lifesaving.
However, Professor Nick Finer, who is an obesity expert (University College London) says that we need more proof for the link between the virus and weight gain:
“No matter how many association studies are reported, they do not prove causality.”
Rex Austinwas born and raised in Thunder Bay Ontario on the shores of Lake Superior. Apart from running his own podcast (Ice Fishing And Other “Cool” Things), he spends his time canoeing and backpacking in Northern Ontario.. As a journalist Rex has published stories for Global News (Thunder Bay) we well as Buzz Feed and Joystiq. As a contributor to Great Lakes Ledger, Rex most covers science and health stories. Contact Rexhere