A team of researchers from the University of Edinburgh conducted some experiments on a microscopic scale to shed more light on how the gases within gas giants in our Solar System, such as Jupiter and Saturn, behave under the enormous pressure of these gas giants’ atmosphere.
According to experts, the pressure inside gas giants’ atmosphere is by more than two and a half million times higher than that of the Earth’s atmosphere. However, contradicting previous investigations, the new study conducted by the scientists from the University of Edinburg revealed that gases within gas giant like Jupiter and Saturn do not interact with each other.
The scientists inserted tiny mixtures of hydrogen and helium into a device called a diamond anvil cell and which is known to create very high pressure. Then the researchers fired a laser beam over the high-pressure mixtures to scattered light, showing the molecular structures of each sample.
Gases Within Gas Giants Like Jupiter and Saturn Do Not Interact With Each Other
By using the Raman spectroscopy technique, the scientists noticed that hydrogen and helium are not reacting within the system the experts created, meaning that no chemical bonds formed under high-pressure environment.
“We hope that these results will prompt further investigations into the behaviors of elemental gas mixtures under extreme conditions. It’s important to remain critical of your own work and of the work of others,” said Dr. Robin Turnbull from the University of Edinburgh’s School of Physics and Astronomy.
The report of this study was issued in the journal Physical Review Letters. The research enjoyed the participation of the scientists from the Center for High-Pressure Science and Technology Advanced Research in China and the Carnegie Institution for Science in the United States. Also, the study was funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council and the European Research Council.
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