In the Fa-Hien Lena Cave in Sri Lanka, which is also the oldest archaeological site in the region, the researchers unearthed the remnants of a young adult female, a child between five and six years old and at least two infants. Along with them, there were a whole bunch of instruments used for hunting. The scientists concluded that ancient humans who lived in the before-mentioned cave about 30,000 years ago used to hunt monkeys and squirrels using complex techniques and tools.
Another surprising fact is that Fa-Hien Lena Cave opens up to a rainforest, which might suggest that ancient humans adapted to the environment they lived in much more than previously estimated. While scientists are aware that Homo Sapiens used to hunt medium to large animals in savannas and coastal areas, no researcher believed, until now, that early humans were also hunting in rainforests since these woods do not offer the daily pray Homo Sapiens used to eat.
Ancient Humans Used To Hunt Monkeys And Squirrels Using Complex Techniques and Tools
“Over the last two decades, research has highlighted human occupation of tropical rainforests in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and Melanesia at least as early as 45,000 years ago, so the potential for human reliance on small mammals in these settings prior to 20,000 years ago seems likely,” explained Patrick Roberts from the Science of Human History ‘s Department of Archaeology of the Max Planck Institute.
“We have evidence that people were living in rainforests from previous research, but exactly how they utilized forest resources, we didn’t know. For the first time, we have evidence of heavy reliance on forest resources by the people that were present in Sri Lanka as early as 45,000 years ago. For a long time, anthropologists and archaeologists saw tropical rainforests as a barrier to successful human dispersion,” added Noel Amano, one of the study’s authors, also from Max Planck Institute.
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