Years have passed since the first Moon landing, and the Space Agency is thinking now to send humans to Mars. Such an ambitious project would mark another milestone for NASA, probably the best one. But how could we reach something like this? Or, how far could scientists go with their development of the project?
How Long Until Mars?
Recently, NASA released some statements about a possible trip to Mars within the next two decades. The red planet is known to be 34-250 million miles away from our planet, and reaching it is a thing hard to imagine. NASA approximated a distance between 140 million miles, on average. If you were set to go to Mars based on the current speeds of a spaceship, it would take almost nine months, according to NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Centre. A spacecraft with no people on board which traveled to Mars have taken somewhere between 128 days to 333 days to arrive on Mars. Professor of Physics Craig Patten from the University of California explained how such a journey could take a little bit less if scientists decide to burn more fuel, but this is not the best idea. NASA, however, has a project developed on a five-step plan for sending astronauts there, with a three-year trip to and back from Mars.
Astronauts vs. Mars
Astronauts’ health represents a huge issue and challenge for researchers, mainly because of the length of the trip. A three-year journey is unimaginable, and any health issues that could appear must be resolved. Moreover, researchers must identify and find a solution for all the psychological effects the trip to Mars could bring. The astronauts will also be confined to spacesuits because the temperatures on Mars could reach up to 170 degrees.