In the year 2000, researchers observed the first signs of superflares on young stars which were quite distant. Unlike the regular solar flares, the superflares are very intense, and they carry a substantially higher amount of energy.
Previous studies suggested that the impressive eruptions are often observed among young stars and on those that feature a high level of magnetic activity. Since our Sun is older and quieter, it was thought that there would be no problems.
A new paper elaborated by researchers from the University of Colorado Boulder published a new paper which suggests that the belief that star which moves a slower rate, like the Sun, are unable to emit superflares aren’t may have been wrong. By using the powerful Kepler space telescope, the researchers observed superflare events, and the data infers that sun-like stars can generate superflares at a considerably lower rate in comparison to the young and magnetically active ones.
The Sun Might Unleash A Superflare In The Future That Would ‘Fry’ The Earth
The paper mentions that superflares are rare events but there a limited possibility which suggests that an event on this scale could take place in the following 100 years. G-type may sequence produce superflares, but at this time, researchers are unable to understand how the phenomenon appears.
Data from the Gaia spacecraft and the Apache Point Observatory also played an important role in the research. A total of 43 stars similar to our Sun produced solar flares in the past, and the team observed the mechanics and the amount of energy emitted during the process. However, more information is needed before we can determine when the Sun will release a superflare.
In the case of young stars, superflares are observed once per week, but the Sun will release one once a few thousand years. The main problem stems from the fact that a strong solar flare could destroy modern technology which relies on electricity, plunging the world back in the past. The study was published in a scientific journal.